‘white paranoia’ spook hunters

White Gangscorporations_lincoln_quote

Prior to the 1940s, there were many Black and Latino clubs and clicks, but very few outright gangs. This was also true of the white population of Los Angeles. However, this changed in the 1940s. In the 1940s, the Black population doubled as people came to work building ships and weapons for the military during World War II. At the time, Blacks and Latinos were restricted in where they could live. Blacks had to live along Central Ave. and Latinos lived mostly in East LA. As the population increased, some whites feared that Blacks and Latinos would start living outside of these restricted areas. Huntington Park, Bell, South Gate, Inglewood, Compton, Gardena, and West LA all had organized white gangs that would seek out Blacks and Latinos and harass them or beat them up. The largest of these gangs were the Spook Hunters. “Spook” is a derogatory term used toward Black people. During the 1940s, the Ku Klux Klan also emerged in LA. The first Black and Latino gangs were in response to these white gangs. The gangs acted as protection for Black and Latino neighborhoods.  Incidents such as the Zoot Suit Riots, in which white marines attacked Latino zoot suiters, led to a higher degree of organization in the gangs of both Blacks and Latinos.

The Spook Hunters would often cross Alameda traveling west to violently attack black youths from the area.

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Illinois

U.S. Senate  6 year term. No Term Limit. 113th Senate  Senate Electoral Classes

Class 2

Democratic Senator  Richard J. “Dick” Durbin First elected: 1996; re-elected: 2002, 2008[also served in U.S. House- elected: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994] Seat up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2014
Democratic Senator  Richard J. “Dick” Durbin FEC S6IL00151; 30 Sep 13; Tot $2,888,719; Dsb $617,070
Democratic Kent Edward Fitzsimmons FEC S4IL00453
Republican     Kane County Regional Board of School Trustee  Chad Koppie
    Republican     William John “Bill” Lee• FEC S4IL00446; 30 Sep 13; Tot $561; Dsb $792
    Republican     Jose Manuel “Joe” Ruiz• Also running for the U.S. House CD 13 Seat• FEC S4IL00420
    Republican Douglas Lee “Doug” Truax FEC S4IL00438; 30 Sep 13; Tot $132,657; Dsb $101,503
Constitution Randy Stufflebeam – apparently not a candidate 5 January 2013: Announced.2 March 2013: “I will not be running for U.S. Senate in 2014.”
Libertarian Sharon Hansen

Class 3

Republican Senator  Mark Steven Kirk First elected in a special election to a partial term: 2 November 2010 (to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Barack Hussein Obama [Democrat] on 16 November 2008 in order to accede to the Presidency of the United States; he replaces Senator Roland W. Burris [Democrat] who had been appointed by the Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich [Democrat] to temporarily fill the vacancy). First elected to a full term: 2010.[also served in U.S. House- elected: 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008] Seat up for election: Tuesday 8 November 2016 23 January 2012: Suffered an ischemic stroke and underwent surgery.

  California        Democratic     Governor  Edmund G. “Jerry” Brown, Jr.

• First elected: 2010 (Governor Brown served 2 terms as Governor– from 1975 through 1983)

• Chair up for election: Tuesday 4 November 2014

• The current Governor is unaffected by the State’s term limit.