Abortion or Prison Industry

Self Policing for Tax Credit palestine_flag_waving

NOI and self-Policing; false flags and friendly fire

History Is A Weapon

The “growing unrest in the cities” must have been a reference to the black uprisings that had taken place—and showed the link—between the war abroad and poverty at home. In the wake of the Supreme Court decision, pro-slavery activists declared their right to “choose” to own slaves.

When Nixon took office, he too tried to persuade the public that protest would not affect him. But he almost went berserk when one lone pacifist picketed the White House.

They have enforced inhuman laws…. They have built more prisons than schools. They have mercilessly slain our patriots, they have drowned uprisings in rivers of blood. They have fettered public opinion…. They have robbed us of our rice fields, our mines, our forests, and our raw materials… .

They have invented numerous unjustifiable taxes and reduced our people, especially our peasantry, to a state of extreme poverty. …

…from the end of last year, to the beginning of this year . . . more than two million of our fellow-citizens died of starvation. .. .

The whole Vietnamese people, animated by a common purpose, are determined to fight to the bitter end against any attempt by the French colonialists to reconquer their country.

Drug War

One sign that the ideas of the antiwar movement had taken hold in the American public was that juries became more reluctant to convict

Most of the antiwar action came from ordinary GIs, and most of these came from lower-income groups—white, black, Native American, Chinese, and Chicano. (Chicanos back home were demonstrating by the thousands against the war.)

One of the great sports figures of the nation, Muhammad Ali, the black boxer and heavyweight champion, refused to serve in what he called a “white man’s war”; boxing authorities took away his title as champion.

Martin Luther King, Jr., spoke out in 1967 at Riverside Church in New York:

Somehow this madness must cease. We must stop now. I speak as a child of God and brother to the suffering poor of Vietnam. I speak for those whose land is being laid waste, whose homes are being destroyed, whose culture is being subverted. I speak for the poor of America who are paying the double price of smashed hopes at home and death and corruption in Vietnam. I speak as a citizen of the world, for the world as it stands aghast at the path we have taken. I speak as an American to the leaders of my own nation. The great initiative in this war is ours. The initiative to stop it must be ours.

Dan Berrigan wrote a

“Meditation”

We say: killing is disorder, life and gentleness and community and unselfishness is the only order we recognize. For the sake of that order, we risk our liberty, our good name. The time is past when good men can remain silent, when obedience can segregate men from public risk, when the poor can die without defense.

Map Gov J Brown selling people

US Slave trade 2015  Under Dred Scott, owners could choose to buy, sell or under most circumstances kill their property.

The one woman among the Catonsville Nine, Mary Moylan, a former nun, also refused to surrender to the FBI. She was never found. Writing from underground, she reflected on her experience and how she came to it: David Barrow lamented the “strange doctrine of the Christian church that forbids ministers to condemn sin simply because it is authorized by the government.”

… We had all known we were going to jail, so we all had our toothbrushes. I was just exhausted. I took my little box of clothes and stuck it under the cot and climbed into bed. Now all the women in the Baltimore County jail were black-I think there was only one white. The women were waking me up and saying, “Aren’t you going to cry?” I said, “What about?” They said, “You’re in jail.” And I said, “Yeah, I knew I’d be here.” . ..I was sleeping between two of these women, and every morning I’d wake up and they’d be leaning on their elbows watching me. They’d say, “You slept all night.” And they couldn’t believe it. They were good. We had good times…

When I came home from Africa I moved to Washington, and had to deal with the scene there and the insanity and brutality of the cops and the type of life that was led by most of the citizens of that city—70 percent black. …

And then Vietnam, and the napalm and the defoliants, and the bombings. …

PROTEST

The poet Robert Lowell, invited to a White House function, refused to come. Arthur Miller, also invited, sent a telegram to the White House: “When the guns boom, the arts die.” Singer Eartha Kitt was invited to a luncheon on the White House lawn and shocked all those present by speaking out, in the presence of the President’s wife, against the war. A teenager, called to the White House to accept a prize, came and criticized the war. In Hollywood, local artists erected a 60-foot Tower of Protest on Sunset Boulevard. At the National Book Award ceremonies in New York, fifty authors and publishers walked out on a speech by Vice-President Humphrey in a display of anger at his role in the war. 

In mid-1965, in McComb, Mississippi, young blacks who had just learned that a classmate of theirs was killed in Vietnam distributed a leaflet:

No Mississippi Negroes should be fighting in Viet Nam for the White man’s freedom, until all the Negro People are free in Mississippi.Negro boys should not honor the draft here in Mississippi. Mothers should encourage their sons not to go. …

No one has a right to ask us to risk our lives and kill other Colored People in Santo Domingo and Viet Nam, so that the White American can get richer.

private-prisons-mapGANG RELATED

The French newspaper Le Monde reported that in four months, 109 soldiers of the first air cavalry division were charged with refusal to fight. “A common sight,” the correspondent for Le Monde wrote, “is the black soldier, with his left fist clenched in defiance of a war he has never considered his own.

” Regarding the radical nature of those who promote slavery, Abraham Lincoln wrote, “The question recurs, what will satisfy them? This and this only: cease to call slavery wrong and join them in calling it right. And this must be done thoroughly—done in acts as well as in words. Silence will not be tolerated—we must place ourselves avowedly with them. Holding as they do, that slavery is morally right and socially elevating…” ALEC-NoPlaceforKids-RecurringMaltreatmentMap

Workers subcontracted by Shell Oil Company clean up an oil spill from an abandoned Shell Petroleum Development Company well in Oloibiri, Niger Delta. Wellhead 14 was closed in 1977 but has been leaking for years, and in June of 2004 it finally released an oil spill of over 20,000 barrels of crude oil.

Workers subcontracted by Shell Oil Company clean up an oil spill from an abandoned Shell Petroleum Development Company well in Oloibiri, Niger Delta. Wellhead 14 was closed in 1977 but has been leaking for years, and in June of 2004 it finally released an oil spill of over 20,000 barrels of crude oil.

slaver on abortion

David Barrow lamented the “strange doctrine of the Christian church

that forbids ministers to condemn sin simply because it is authorized by the government.”

Dred Scott said Blacks were nonpersons.

“All men are created equal.

They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” Just as the Americans in 1776 had listed their grievances against the English King, the Vietnamese listed their complaints against French rule:

They have enforced inhuman laws…. They have built more prisons than schools. They have mercilessly slain our patriots, they have drowned uprisings in rivers of blood. They have fettered public opinion…. They have robbed us of our rice fields, our mines, our forests, and our raw materials… .They have invented numerous unjustifiable taxes and reduced our people, especially our peasantry, to a state of extreme poverty. …

…from the end of last year, to the beginning of this year . . . more than two million of our fellow-citizens died of starvation. .. .

The whole Vietnamese people, animated by a common purpose, are determined to fight to the bitter end against any attempt by the French colonialists to reconquer their country.

The U.S. Defense Department study of the Vietnam war, intended to be “top secret” but released to the public by Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony Russo in the famous Pentagon Papers case, described Ho Chi Minh’s work: .. . Ho had built the Viet Minh into the only Vietnam-wide political organization capable of effective resistance to either the Japanese or the French. He was the only Vietnamese wartime leader with a national following, and he assured himself wider fealty among the Vietnamese people when in August-September, 1945, he overthrew the Japanese . .. established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and staged receptions for in-coming allied occupation forces.. .. For a few weeks in September, 1945, Vietnam was—for the first and only time in its modern history—free of foreign domination, and united from north to south under Ho Chi Minh. .. .

Between October 1945 and February 1946, Ho Chi Minh wrote eight letters to President Truman, reminding him of the self-determination promises of the Atlantic Charter. One of the letters was sent both to Truman and to the United Nations:

I wish to invite attention of your Excellency for strictly humanitarian reasons to following matter. Two million Vietnamese died of starvation during winter of 1944 and spring 1945 because of starvation policy of French who seized and stored until it controlled all available rice. … Three- fourths of cultivated land was flooded in summer 1945, which was followed by a severe drought; of normal harvest five-sixths was lost. … Many people are starving. .. . Unless great world powers and international relief organizations bring us immediate assistance we face imminent catastrophe…Southeast Asia, especially Malaya and Indonesia, is the principal world source of natural rubber and tin, and a producer of petroleum and other strategically important commodities. … Earlier in 1963, Kennedy’s Undersecretary of State, U. Alexis Johnson, was speaking before the Economic Club of Detroit:

What is the attraction that Southeast Asia has exerted for centuries on the great powers flanking it on all sides? Why is it desirable, and why is it important? First, it provides a lush climate, fertile soil, rich natural resources, a relatively sparse population in most areas, and room to expand. The countries of Southeast Asia produce rich exportable surpluses such as rice, rubber, teak, corn, tin, spices, oil, and many others. ..Truman never replied.

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Black Lives Matter-Self-Policing Proffer

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Self Policing for Tax Credit palestine_flag_waving

Dream Defenders DDLDF LegalDefenseFund $5 per month X 30 million people =150 million per month + interest per month:

Proffer dream defenders NOI Dreamers

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Anti‑Defamation N.O.I. Security Agency, Inc. FOI Captains … Funds from N.O.I. Security Agency

Dec 12, 1993 – It is the type of respect that no other security guards or police have received in … guards from Baltimore-based N.O.I. Security Agency Inc.

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FOR CLEAN

WATER

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More than just a science — a social movement!

Earlier this year, an advisory panel of public health experts recommended a groundbreaking shift in federal dietary guidelines, advising the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Health and Human Services to adopt a public policy that promotes food that is good for both our health and the environment.

A signatory to the letter, Mindi Schneider, assistant professor of Agrarian, Food and Environmental Studies at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in The Hague, said: “Agroecology is more than just a science, it’s also a social movement for justice that recognises and respects the right of communities of farmers to decide what they grow and how they grow it.”

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N.O.I. Security Agency

In 1988 the Nation of Islam (N.O.I) created a separate security agency using members of the Fruit of Islam. The agency received contracts primarily to patrol and staff public housing complexes in tough urban areas like Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Chicago, and Los Angeles and received at least $20 million in the 1990s for security work.

Getting past the new found fear perception pirported by ADL and Law enforcement. Through its Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP), JINSA claims to have arranged Israeli-led training sessions for over 9000 American law enforcement officials at the federal, state and municipal level. “The Israelis changed the way we do business regarding homeland security in New Jersey,” Richard Fuentes, the NJ State Police Superintendent, said after attending a 2004 JINSA-sponsored Israel trip and a subsequent JINSA conference alongside 435 other law enforcement officers.

Two former JINSA advisors who have also consulted for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Douglas Feith and Richard Perle, went on to serve in the Department of Defense under President George W. Bush, playing influential roles in the push to invade and occupy Iraq.

Obstacles: NO-More-ADL-via Self-Policing w/NOI http://issuu.com/elainewatson9/docs/financing/1 addressing violence and crime on the SouthSide.COPS wNo more Fear

ADL

NOI Security had notable successes in Washington, D.C. projects particularly, but had difficulty in others and faced opposition by some members of Congress and the Anti-Defamation League, among others. It also faced scrutiny from federal agencies for racial and gender preference in hiring and from the IRS for failure to withhold taxes from employees.[4][5][6][7]

respect and calm is returning to Flag. And Baltimore housing officials and tenants give a large share of the credit to the unarmed, bow-tie-wearing guards from Baltimore-based N.O.I. Security Agency Inc.

“These guys are more involved with the community than any other security people who worked over here,” says Derrick Turpin, 26, a lifelong Flag resident. “Sometimes, they have their [news]papers out there and the bean pies. You can see some of the young kids around here look up to them; they even want to put on bow ties.”

The company is finding success where the police and other security guards have failed. Some say it is because of the respect the Nation of Islam enjoys in many African-American communities for the clean, disciplined lifestyles .

NOI also benefits from respectful image of the Fruit of Islam, an elite security force that serves as bodyguards for Mr. Farrakhan and provided protection for the Rev. Jesse Jackson during part of his 1984 presidential bid.

Whatever the reason, Baltimore housing officials say NOI has virtually eliminated violent crime in three high-rise buildings at Flag. Housing officials have since broadened the group’s no-bid contract to include several buildings at the Lafayette Courts and Lexington Terrace developments.

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8492966070_fb3d1445ed

“This is critical for future agricultural policies. Currently, most subsidies go to large agribusiness. This must change. Governments must support small farmers. As rural people are migrating increasingly to cities, this is generating huge problems.

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“Empirical and scientific evidence shows that small farmers feed the world. According to the UN Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO), 70% of food we consume globally comes from small farmers”, said Prof Elver.

Hemp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about industrial and foodstuff products that are derived from hemp cultivars of the Cannabis plant. For the usage of Cannabis as a drug, see Cannabis supplemnts. For other uses, see Hemp (disambiguation).

La Mota ‏@lamotagrow May 20 L'arbre du bonheur :)  El árbol de la alegría. The tree of happiness.

La Mota ‏@lamotagrow May 20
L’arbre du bonheur 🙂
El árbol de la alegría.
The tree of happiness.

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Hemp (from Old English hænep) is a commonly used term for high-growing varieties of the Cannabis plant and its products, which include fiber, oil, and seed. Hemp is refined into products such as hemp seed foods, hemp oil, wax, resin, rope, cloth, pulp, paper, and fuel.

Other variants of the herb Cannabis are widely used as a drug, commonly known as marijuana. These variants are typically low-growing and have higher content of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and other cannabinoids. The legality of Cannabis varies widely from country to country, and from state to state in the United States. In many countries regulatory limits for concentrations of psychoactive drug compounds, particularly THC, in hemp require the use of strains of the plant which are bred for low content.[1]

5 Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana

Hemp and marijuana are two popular names for the cannabis plant. The word cannabis often brings to mind images .

Crime initiatives in urban communities

(and a history of getting black men with records moving in a more productive direction), are folks like the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, whose tenure at Trinity United Church of Christ, in Chicago, involved multiple initiatives aimed at addressing violence and crime on the South Side. Oh, and needless to say they don’t praise groups like the NOI, which have a long track record of effective anti-crime initiatives in urban communities (and a history of getting black men with records moving in a more productive direction), or folks like the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, whose tenure at Trinity United Church of Christ, in Chicago, involved multiple initiatives aimed at addressing violence and crime on the South Side.

Community respect arms Nation of Islam guards – Collections

articles.baltimoresun.com/…/1993346078_1_security-guards-nation-of-i
Anti‑Defamation League

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) has been awarded a $100,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services …

Community Policing Network Supports the Nation of Islam – Stormfront

http://www.stormfront.org › News › Newslinks & Articles
Stormfront

Aug 14, 2002 – The Community Oriented Policing Movement is coordinated by the US Dept. of Justice. The role of Community Policing is to advance “social …

By Anita Elaine Henderson-Watson

ALGEBRA OUR WAY TODAY

Baby Algebra For Baby and You

Never talk to police

Never talk to police

Google+ By Introducing baby to algebra as early as the baby shower via algebra themed baby beginnings, such as: mobiles, room plaques, pacifiers and other baby algebra paraphernalia, we inundate baby with the message that algebra is important to baby and family tradition.

Baby algebra uses pictures and key words to help Baby to generalize and grasp algebra concepts. Therefore, we can think our way through the stepping-stones called tests.

While Colors and images react. Colors with one side of the brain, images with the other side of the brain, together, create and complete the learning process inherent at birth. WALLA! Baby does algebra. Algebra is Art Google+

FORMAT: Softcover

Renewing the Patriot Act: Who Will Protect Us from ADL COPS/False Flags

Street Gang or Peace Officers? Off-duty Cop Arrested for Drive-by Shooting is a post referenced by Cop Block – Badges Don’t Grant Extra Rights

#Falseflags

(also black flag) describes covert operations designed to deceive in such a way that the operations appear as though they are being carried out by entities, groups, or nations other than those who actually planned and executed them.
More likely to be killed by a cop than a terrorist

So USA PATRIOT ACT-What does it do?

law enforcement activities under the USA PATRIOT Act are reminiscent of Hoover’s Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO), which spied on and infiltrated Martin Luther King, Jr., the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, the Congress on Racial Equality, the Black Panthers, anti-war groups, and any other members of the “New Left” (including former Beatle John Lennon). This program was ruled a threat to a free society by the Church Commission in 1976. One notable quote from the Church Commission’s final report seems to have great relevance for today: “… the violent acts of political terrorists can seriously endanger the rights of Americans. Carefully focused intelligence investigations can help prevent such acts. But too often intelligence has lost this focus and domestic intelligence activities have invaded individual privacy and violated the rights of lawful assembly and political expression” (Select Committee to Study Government Operations, 1976).

The Backlash Against the USA PATRIOT Act

We should not be surprised with this massive earth-shattering shift in attitude, philosophy and doctrine. Michael Chertoff of Homeland Security, the ADL and Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) made sure that law enforcement agencies in the United States view citizens, all citizens as “potential terrorists” and should be dealt with as “terrorists”.Dont need no damn cops period
Mask of Zion “To smile when confronted with the most severe oppression, is an act of Resistance rooted in unparalleled beauty.” ~ Jonathan Azaziah

The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews:  –

How Jews Gained Control of the Black American Economy

and Jews Selling Blacks:

Slave Sale Advertising by American Jews,

the Historical Research Department of the Nation of Islam, based 100% on Jewish (oftentimes rabbinical) and philo-Semitic sources, unequivocally demonstrates that the torturous, inhuman and genocidal Transatlantic Slave Trade was an endeavor dominated by Jews, going back to the very beginnings of it in Brazil and Surinam. Despite a systematic smear campaign still going on to this day, the Jewish-Zionist Power Configuration has failed miserably in refuting the scholarly volumes because of the meticulous sourcing.

According to veterans Today

Terrorism based on mere facts and statistics is not and never was a factual issue but a political issue transforming America to a police state no different from Israel.

As such the entire shift of the American police doctrine from fighting common ground to fighting terrorism is ill advised and ill founded and undermines the very nature between American citizens and their local police force.

The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. Its title is a ten-letter backronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001″.[1]

The Patriot ACT Act

drove a stake through the heart of the Bill of Rights, violating at least six of the ten original amendments—the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Amendments—and possibly the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments, as well. The Patriot Act also redefined terrorism so broadly that many non-terrorist political activities such as protest marches, demonstrations and civil disobedience were considered potential terrorist acts, thereby rendering anyone desiring to engage in protected First Amendment expressive activities as suspects of the surveillance state.

The law also granted the FBI the right to come to your place of employment, demand your personal records and question your supervisors and fellow employees, all without notifying you; allowed the government access to your medical records, school records and practically every personal record about you; and allowed the government to secretly demand to see records of books or magazines you’ve checked out in any public library and Internet sites you’ve visited (at least 545 libraries received such demands in the first year following passage of the Patriot Act).

Prison Industry sayings Quotes crime Cops

rather than expiring quietly, those provisions are once again up for reauthorization on May 28, thanks to the handiwork of  Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner (R-Wis.), a senior member of the House Judiciary Committee, with backing from Reps. Lamar Smith (R-Texas) and Mike Rogers (R-Mich.), the chairmen of the Judiciary and Intelligence committees, respectively. Unfortunately, not only are Sensenbrenner and his cohorts pushing to extend the first two controversial provisions (allowing “roving wiretaps” of phones used by terror suspects and allowing federal investigators to compel production of business records) for six more years, they have also proposed making permanent the “lone wolf” provision, allowing the government to monitor individuals who they believe are terrorists even though they might not have ties to a specific group.

The McCarthy era and the wiretapping of Martin Luther King Jr. illustrated, the government’s amassing of power, especially in relation to its ability to spy on Americans, predates the passage of the Patriot Act in 2001.

Yet what the Patriot Act and its subsequent incarnations did was legitimize what had previously been covert and frowned upon as a violation of Americans’ long-cherished privacy rights. Thus, what began with the passage of the USA Patriot Act in the fall of 2001 has snowballed into a massive assault on our constitutional freedoms, our system of government and our fundamental philosophies and way of life.

 

What To Do At A DUI Roadblock

By William Pangman, a past president and inventor of the Wisconsin Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers.

What is a driver obliged to do when run up against with a police backup way to go?

The United States Supreme Court got together a response to this appeal in Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz, 110 S.Ct. 2481 (1990). In Sitz, a get-together of Michigan drivers attempted the authenticity of an interstate limitation check-point used by the Michigan State Police. The essential check-point worked in Michigan was in Saginaw County. The operation proceeded for 60 minutes and fifteen minutes and each vehicle encountering the designated extent was ceased for pretty just about 25 seconds. Precisely when officers recognized that the drivers finished at the check-point may be affected by an intoxicant, those vehicles were asked to draw in over to the side of the street and drivers were asked for to perform field leveling tests.

Out of the 126 drivers which encountered the check-point, just three drivers were asked to compel over. These truths were clearly essential to Supreme Court Chief Justice Rehnquist, who made the appraisal for the lion’s offer. The Court certified that the Michigan check-point, under the feelings and circumstances showed, did not make a mind boggling interruption on specific’s certification under the Fourth Amendment.

Rehnquist joined a three-point changing test to comprehend if constraint check-concentrates with everything considered are sensible under the Fourth Amendment. This test included adjusting the State’s vitality for anticipating incidents made by intoxicated drivers, the sensibility of the parity check- packs in completing the objective, and the level of impedance on a specific’s made right to security brought on by the check-focuses.

The Chief Justice considered that nobody could truly investigate the compass of the put driving issue or the State’s vitality for wrecking it. Additionally, Rehnquist found that a 25 second yield in travel was insignificantly meddling with driver’s rights, particularly considering the way that voyaging drivers could kill the street when they saw the backup way to go, or make U-turns to avoid encountering it. As to the sensibility of the limitation check-point, the court held that the system was extreme, notwithstanding the way that just 1 of the 126 drivers finished was gotten.

In the last examination, it is at present the law that from a shaky Fourth Amendment outlook, nondiscriminatory limitation check-concentrates by and large are not weird. Remember that other Fourth Amendment issues with parity check-focuses may exist when specific drivers encountering the check-point are asked to draw over.

Police don’t have the profit, for the most part, to check driver’s licenses or enlistments when the stop is not started by an infringement. Regardless, where the police have a sensible suspicion of unlawful behavior, despite the path that there is not authentic infringement of the law they may inspect drivers’ licenses or enlistment.

In the Sitz case, officers were not permitted to make a driver commute over and demonstrate his/her permit or check the driver’s enrollment unless the officer saw indications of inebriation. Moreover, a driver never needs to agree to a police solicitation of his or her individual or vehicle, yet, the police may make such an investment even without the driver’s assent when either: 1) they have sensible backing to recognize the vehicle contains stash or the trademark things or instrumentalities of a wrongdoing; 2) when the driver has been set caught; or 3) they may make a visual overview of inside voyager compartment from the officer’s position outside the vehicle, to watch unlawful articles on display.

As to the level of drivers rights; when tenants are run up against with improvised courses, they ought to be wonderful. On the off chance that they don’t cut down their window it makes the feeling that the officer’s suspicion would be raised and, in any occasion, may give the officer grounds to require the driver to pull in over to the side of the street.

After beginning contact with the hindrance, nationals might beneficently abatement to answer any of the officer’s solicitation. The running with is an example of a declaration of rights that can be reiterated and accommodated an officer at a bar:

 

Reauthorized Patriot Act Measured Response to Threat of Terrorism by ADL/#FalseFlags

images

The Anti-Defamation League, founded in 1913,claims to be

the world’s leading organization fighting anti-Semitism through programs and services that counteract hatred, prejudice and bigotry.

New York, NY, July 22, 2005 

The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) called legislation approved yesterday in the House to reauthorize sections of the USA PATRIOT Act, “a measured response to the legitimate threat of terrorism” and urged Congress to continue to build additional safeguards and reporting requirements into the legislation as it moves to the Senate.  The League discussed the reauthorization of the PATRIOT Act in a meeting last month with Attorney General Alberto Gonzales

Sunset Provision

DEFINITION of ‘Sunset Provision’

A clause in a statute, regulation or similar piece of legislation that provides for an automatic repeal of the entire or sections of a law once a specific date is reached. Once the sunset provision date is reached, the pieces of legislation mentioned in the clause are rendered void. If the government wishes to extend the length of time for which the law in question will be in effect, it can push back the sunset provision date any time before it is reached.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS ‘Sunset Provision’

The purpose of a sunset provision is generally to allow lawmakers to institute a law when change or government action is required reasonably quickly, when the long-term ramifications of the law in question are difficult or impossible to foresee, or when circumstances warrant such a legal structure.

A good example of legislation warranting a sunset provision is the

U.S.A. Patriot Act. Intended to address relatively short-term security concerns following the events of September 11, 2001, the act, when it was initially drafted, included a sunset provision for December 31, 2005.

ADL stressed the importance of the original sunset provisions for certain provisions of the act.  Now that the House has removed most of those provisions, ADL will press for continuing, robust Congressional oversight, for accountability and transparency in implementing the powers granted under the Act, for appropriate administrative reporting requirements and for opportunities for meaningful judicial review of these provisions.

Ferguson, MO and the “Israelization” of America’s Police Force Under the Patriot Act. “Israelization” of America’s police force

0d26f23113234bcd3de87d7bdc531c48 quote-the-road-to-tyranny-we-must-never-forget-begins-with-the-destruction-of-the-truth-bill-clinton-220008 Palestinians-not-worth-to-live

Ferguson, Mo is not about the militarization’s of America’s police force. It is and should be about the “Israelization” of America’s police force in equipment, training, ideology, perception and doctrine. The days of “to serve and protect” are long gone, given way to the new doctrine imported from Israel where “citizens” are the enemies, especially if they are Blacks, Hispanic, Muslims, Arabs or White Leftist and liberals. We have seen this transformation in the way the local police dealt with the “Occupy Wall Street” and how it dealt with the citizen’s protest in Ferguson, MO.

We should not be surprised with this massive earth-shattering shift in attitude, philosophy and doctrine. Michael Chertoff of Homeland Security, the ADL and Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) made sure that law enforcement agencies in the United States view citizens, all citizens as “potential terrorists” and should be dealt with as “terrorists”.

Americans are no more citizens with constitutional rights of free speech, free assembly, with the rights to petition governments, with rights against illegal search and seizure, Miranda and Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination. These rights do not exist and never existed In Israel especially to none “ Jewish” residents or citizens of the State of Israel, let alone the 4 million Palestinians Arabs under Occupation, who have NO rights whatsoever other than being potential and or terrorists.

This is the United States of America, and America is not an “Occupied Territories” with Apartheid Wall, barbed wires, separate roads for Jews and non-Jews, land theft an seizure, home demolition and marauding gangs of Jewish settlers. Unless we thing of Congress and the White House as an “Israeli Occupied Territories”. Here we are citizens, not an the “enemy” resident of “occupied territories.

Israeli PropagandaReligion-is-notorious-for-conceiving-an-idea-and-then-trying-to-make-it-true-either-by-propaganda-or-sometimes-by-force..-While-science-makes-a-discovery-and-then-immediately-sets-about-trying-to-disprove-it.-Seth-McFarlane False Flags

False flag quote-if-you-tell-a-big-enough-lie-and-tell-it-frequently-enough-it-will-be-believed-adolf-hitler-85901 2 Edward_Bernays-20120625-120517

In 1990, when Dick Cheney was Secretary of Defense, Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which contained Section 1208, authorizing the Secretary of Defense to “transfer to Federal and State agencies personal property of the Department of Defense, including small arms and ammunition, that the Secretary determines is suitable for use by such agencies in counter-drug activities; and excess to the needs of the Department of Defense.”  The “1208 Program” thus established, was updated in 1996 and became the “1033 Program” after Section 1033 of that year’s NDAA.  1033 created a Law Enforcement Support Office  within the Defense Logistics Agency to manage the dispursal.

Not surprisingly, given Dick Cheney’s close ties to major defense contractors, the program was boon to the arms industry.  Police and sheriffs departments around the country received old military hardware, including humvees and other armored vehicles, which required ongoing maintenance contracts, spare parts, etc.  The program clearly established a militarization of police and sheriffs forces that has proceeded apace ever since.woodrow_wilson_1913_us_secret_government

Feds to investigate high generic drug prices

TEVA Pharmaceuticals in Kfar Sava, Israel

Today, is the world’s biggest generic-drug maker and a major force in the U.S. market. It fills more prescriptions for Americans than any other company except Pfizer Inc. Teva expects revenue of about $4.5 billion this year, twice the amount of the next-largest generic maker although only a fraction of the more than $52 billion in revenue Pfizer expects this year.

The Department of Health and Human Services plans to study the total cost of Medicare and Medicaid programs due to the price increases, according to a letter from lawmakers pressing the issue.

Potential presidential candidate

Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., and Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md.,

asked for the investigation earlier this year.

Generic drugs increased in price from 2013 to 2014, according to an analysis of Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data provided by the two lawmakers.

The highest markup was for a 500 mg capsule of the antibiotic tetracycline, which skyrocketed from a nickel per capsule to $8.53 per capsule, a boost of more than 17,000 percent, according to the analysis.

We’ve got to get to the bottom of these enormous price increases,” Sanders said Tuesday.

In addition to examining prices, the administration will investigate applying a rebate provision in the Social Security Act to generic drugs.

The provision requires brand-name drug makers to issue a rebate to customers if their drug goes past a certain price.

President Obama included in his budget a proposal to allow the government to negotiate with drug companies to get a lower price for Medicare and Medicaid-covered drugs. The practice is used in Europe to drive down prices, but it is for the general public.

 

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ADL PROPAGANDA

According to the ADL “New Black Panthers Inflame Michael Brown Incident In Missouri

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Purports:  The lead­ers of the New Black Pan­ther Party (NBPP), the largest orga­nized anti-Semitic and racist Black mil­i­tant group in Amer­ica, trav­eled to Fer­gu­son, Mis­souri, inflam­ing the already tense sit­u­a­tion fol­low­ing the fatal shoot­ing of unarmed teenager Michael Brown by police.

Police say Gray is acting “irate” in the back of the van. The van is stopped and Gray is placed in leg shackles and repositioned in the van. Some residents describe a violent encounter.

irate |ʌɪˈreɪt|
adjective
feeling or characterized by great anger: a barrage of irate letters.

The man said that Rice and other officers moved toward him, blocking his view of the van. They didn’t ask him to stop recording, but Rice took out his Taser and threatened to use it if he didn’t leave, the man said.

Gross is then heard telling her neighbor, “Let’s walk away.” After that, both of them left.

Shortly after Gray’s death, police posted fliers around the area asking residents with video of the incident to come forward. A police news release on April 16 stated that when the van departed from Mount and Baker streets, video evidence indicated that Gray was “conscious and speaking.”

It is unclear which video police are referring to; neither the cellphone video taken with Gross’ phone nor the security camera initially released by police reveals Gray speaking or moving.

Gross said police never reached out to her for the cellphone video footage and she has not spoken to them.

Gray’s death still upsets Gross. She has seen police beatings portrayed on television but has never known anyone who died from alleged brutality — certainly not someone she used to call “son.”

She said, “He won’t be calling me Mom anymore.”

What I do is business. What you do is disorder – Chris Hayes Speaks candidly to Jr Journalist

The Talk:’Black Codes’ –No Probable Cause Freddie Gray’s flight and FALSE IMPRISONMENT; Mississippi whites began passing laws to take away the former slaves’ new found freedom.’Stop and Frisk’

“The Talk” Probable Cause Unlawful Detainment/arrest

            The disparate treatment in the American criminal justice system begins at the very first stage of that system:

Equal Protection Clause

giving rise to the necessity of :

THE TALK

“In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act.”
— George Orwell

Statutory limitations on individual freedoms guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution are examined for substantive authority and content as well as for definiteness or certainty of expression. The void-for-vagueness doctrine requires that a penal statute define the criminal offense with sufficient definiteness that ordinary people can understand what conduct is prohibited and in a manner that does not encourage arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement. Vague Terms like acting Irate, resisting, gang are undefinable as a human action. successful as

PROPAGANDA TECHNIQUES: For the takeaway is so often base,

a reflection more of people’s fears and insecurities than of our hopes and dreams.

our constitutional right to freedom of movement.[Note 1][Note 2]]

Florida v. Royer, 460 U. S. 491, 500 (1983) (plurality opinion). I am not persuaded that the mere fact that someone standing on a sidewalk looked in the direction of a passing car before starting to run is sufficient to justify a forcible stop and frisk.

            The disparate treatment in the American criminal justice system begins at the very first stage of that system: Equal Protection Clause
Probable cause and reasonable suspicion are two of the most important concepts in deciding the when it is appropriate for police to make an arrest, search for evidence and stop a person for questioning.
The investigation of suspected criminal activity by law enforcement agents.
Police departments disproportionately politically economically target, skewing at the outset the racial composition of the population ultimately charged, convicted and incarcerated. And too often the police employ tactics against minorities that simply shock the conscience.

The Court hinted that the California statute compromised the constitutional right to freedom of movement.[Note 1][Note 2]]

The Equal Protection Clause requires each state to provide equal protection under the law to ‘ALL PEOPLE’ within its jurisdiction.

Black Codes like Stop and Frisk Laws, iaw SCOTUS,Court Most Supreme:

gives excessive discretion to the police (in the absence of probable cause to arrest) whether to stop and interrogate a suspect or leave him alone.[3]

The Fourth Amendment REQUIRES that COPS have a reasonable suspicion

that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed BEFORE stopping a suspect.

The Equal Protection Clause requires each state to provide equal protection under the law to ‘ALL PEOPLE’ within its jurisdiction.

The Constitution does not offer a definition probable cause.-Making Probable Cause a “Black Code” Reason

“weighs testimony, whilst the latter, conscious perhaps of its inability to do so or careless of the consequences of error, at times rejects whole portions en masse , and at others converts pieces of evidence into rules of law by investing with conclusive effect some whose probative force has been found to be in general considerable. . . .” SCOTUS

The Court hinted that the California statute compromised the constitutional right to freedom of movement.[Note 1][Note 2]]

Black Codes

African Americans arrested and convicted under the Black Codes could be, and usually were, forced to work on plantations. Since most African-Americans had until recently been unpaid slaves, few possessed money to pay the fines assessed for their “crimes.”

louisiana-prisoners-walking-from-farm-work-detail-600x449

Bobby JinDal The Fourth Amendment requires that the police have a reasonable suspicion that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed before stopping a suspect.

In the United States, the “ORPHAN/Black Codes”

Children are tortured in police custody. They are held in prisons in inhuman and degrading conditions. They are denied the due process which should guarantee them fair trials. They are held for years without charge. They are forgotten by the world that walks past the bars of their existence.

These laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans’ freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.

Ronald Brockmeyer, the municipal judge in Ferguson, has resigned less than a week after a scathing federal report called his court little more than an ATM for the city. And the Missouri Supreme Court has ordered all Ferguson municipal court cases transferred to Judge Roy L. Richter of the Court of Appeals for the Eastern District of Missouri.

Ferguson collected $2.6 million in court fines and fees.  Ferguson officials “have built a municipal scheme designed to brutalize, to punish, and to profit.”

Plus 2. Blue  fed Tax dollars also pay the tab for the same in-mate care.

Fed Blue Tax Dollars paid to governors Red and Blue

Fed Blue Tax Dollars paid to governors Red and Blue

GEO Group, Inc.

GEO Group is one of the largest security firms in the world and the nation’s second largest for-profit prison operator. GEO operates 50 facilities in 16 states and one in Guantanamo Bay.

In 2008, GEO Group earned $1.14 billion in U.S. revenue with a net income of $59.8 million.

CCA has been able to charge up to $200/day per bed in the Don T. Hutto family Immigration detention facility in Texas.

Plus 3. Private prisons profit on the Free-prison Labor .

Plus 4. Forfeitures are available to arresting officers.

Being paid for the same fees by all cycles of the prison industry lends to motive, lack of probable cause and enforcement of Black Codes.

Last year, NPR’s investigative series Guilty and Charged revealed that all 50 states add long lists of fines and fees for court services, including the cost of a public defender, and room and board for jail stays. The investigation also found that when the poor struggle to pay those fees — often with penalties that push costs to hundreds or thousands of dollars — they are sent to jail for not paying the fines, even though debtors prisons were outlawed before the Civil War.

Definitions Of Probable Cause Vs. Reasonable Suspicion

Freddie Gray’s arrest;He’s gone,” Richard Shipley, Gray’s stepfather,knife on ground freddy gray Lt Brian RiceFreddy gray knife

Written by J. Hirby | Fact checked by The Law Dictionary staff |
Probable cause and reasonable suspicion are two of the most important concepts in deciding the when it is appropriate for police to make an arrest, search for evidence and stop a person for questioning. Probable cause and reasonable suspicion have evolved through state and federal court decisions, but they began in the U.S. Supreme Court.

“A person, however conscious of innocence, might not have courage to stand a trial, but might, although innocent, think it necessary to consult his safety by flight. It may be,”

added the learned judge,

“a conscious anticipation of punishment for guilt, as the guilty will always anticipate the

Page 160 U. S. 419

consequences; but at the same time it may possibly be, according to the frame of mind, merely an inclination to consult his safety by flight, rather than stand his trial on a charge so heinous and scandalous as this.”

He’s gone,” Richard Shipley, Gray’s stepfather, Black Painroasting Samali child

The Due Process Clause prohibits state and local government officials from depriving persons of life, liberty, or property without legislative authorization.

The Equal Protection Clause requires each state to provide equal protection under the law to all people within its jurisdiction.

 

Probable Cause to Arrest

The Fourth Amendment

to the United States Constitution states that people have the right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. It goes on to specify that a search warrant cannot be issued unless there is probable cause for doing so.

The Constitution does not offer a definition probable cause.-Making probable Cause a “Black Code”

Providing a definition was left to the justices of the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court has interpreted the Fourth Amendment use of the word “seizure” to mean both the seizure of evidence and, as in an arrest, the seizure of a person. The Court also applied probable cause to searches, seizures and arrests conducted without a warrant.

According to the Supreme Court, probable cause to make an arrest exists when an officer has knowledge of such facts as would lead a reasonable person to believe that a particularindividual is committing, has committed or is about to commit a criminal act. The officer must be able to articulate the facts and circumstances forming the basis for probable cause.

-1 2837E10200000578-3064698-image-a-34_1430515635106

 

Black Codes

Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Black Codes and Stop and Frisk:  A body of laws, statutes, and rules enacted by southern states immediately after the Civil War to regain control over the freed slaves, maintain white supremacy, and ensure the continued supply of cheap labor.

The Union’s victory over the South in the Civil War signaled the end for the institution of Slavery in the United States. Ratified in 1865, theThirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution formalized this result in U.S. law, abolishing slavery throughout the country and every territory subject to its jurisdiction.

Scheme: For the next several months, southern states sought a way to restore for the white majority what the Civil War and the Thirteenth Amendment had tried to deny them, supremacy, control, and economic power over the fate of African Americans.

Under slavery, whites had disciplined the blacks largely outside the law, through extralegal whippings administered by slavers and their overseers.

Gordon,_scourged_back,_colored_slide_2

Process: After the slaves were emancipated, panicky whites feared that blacks would seek revenge against them for their harsh and inhumane treatment on the southern plantations. Former slave owners feared for themselves, their families, and their property.

While some white southerners thought that African-Americans were best controlled through Vigilantism, Mississippi whites began passing laws to take away the former slaves’ new found freedom.

Juvenile Justice

  • The first such law was enacted on November 22, 1865. It directed civil officers to hire orphaned African Americans and forbade the orphans to leave their place of employment for any reason.

    (formerly the Biloxi City Jail) currently run by Director Warden. A fire in 1982 killed 27 inmates. There is currently a lawsuit against them, which has forced them to reduce their inmate population. They must now maintain an 8:1 inmate to staff ratio.

    Orphan “Black Code” Harrison County Juvenile Detention Center in Biloxi, Mississippi is operated by Mississippi Security Services

Orphans were typically compensated with a free place to live, free meals, and some type of nominal wage. Other white employers were prohibited from offering any enticement to blacks “employed” by someone else.

Probable Cause Case law

[See Kolender v. Lawson, 461 U.S.352 (1983), is a United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of laws that allow police to demand that “loiterers” and “wanderers” provide identification.

Using the construction of the California appellate court in Solomon, the Court held that the law was unconstitutionally vague because it gave excessive discretion to the police (in the absence of probable cause to arrest) whether to stop and interrogate a suspect or leave him alone.[3] The Court hinted that the California statute compromised the constitutional right to freedom of movement.[Note 1][Note 2]]

Stop and Frisk

The Mississippi legislature next passed a Vagrancylaw, defining vagrants as workers who “neglected their calling or employment or misspent what they earned.”

Another Mississippi law required African Americans to:

  • carry with them written evidence of their present employment at all times, a practice that was hauntingly reminiscent of the old pass system under slavery.

The final piece to the puzzle came when Mississippi established a system of special county courts to punish blacks charged with violating one of the new state employment laws. The law imposed draconian punishments, including “corporal chastisement” for blacks who refused to work or otherwise tried to [frustrate] the system.African Americans who committed real crimes, such as stealing, could be hung by their thumbs.

Probable Cause Case Law

[The shooting unfolded Saturday night after Officer Benjamin Deen, 34, stopped a vehicle for a speeding violation, then called for backup after he found probable cause to search the car,

Prison Industry  Widely considered to be the first set of Black Codes passed in the south after the Civil War, these Mississippi laws represented a concerted effort by white lawmakers to restore the master-slave relationship under a new name. Within a few months after Mississippi passed its first such law,Alabama,Georgia, Louisiana,Florida, Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina followed suit by enacting similar laws of their own.

Congress quickly responded to the Black Codes by passing the civil rights act of 1866,which made it illegal to discriminate against blacks by assigning them an inferior legal and economic status. Two years later the states ratified the Fourteenth Amendment, which guaranteed “equal protection of the laws” to the residents of every state.

But the southern states were not deterred. They soon passed a new set of laws that permitted local officials to informally discriminate against blacks, without specific statutory authority. The thrust-and-parry exchanges between Congress and the southern states continued throughout the period Reconstruction (1865-77) and through the first half of the twentieth century.

Black Codes = Stop and Frisk: Freddy Gray, Eric Garner, Walter Scott

John D Ferguson Missouri Prison Industry/Slaver

Stop and frisk

A brief, non-intrusive, police stop of a suspect.  The Fourth Amendment requires that the police have a reasonable suspicion that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed before stopping a suspect.  If the police reasonably suspect the person is armed and dangerous, they may conduct a frisk, a quick pat-down of the person’s outer clothing.   See Terry v Ohio, 392 US 1, (1967).

Terry v. Ohio Even assuming we know that a person runs because he sees the police, the inference to be drawn may still vary from case to case. Flight to escape police detection, we have said, may have an entirely innocent motivation: “[I]t is a matter of common knowledge that men who are entirely innocent do sometimes fly from the scene of a crime through fear of being apprehended as the guilty parties, or from an unwillingness to appear as witnesses.

Nor is it true as an accepted axiom of criminal law that `the wicked flee when no man pursueth, but the righteous are as bold as a lion.

Innocent men sometimes hesitate to confront a jury–not necessarily because they fear that the jury will not protect them, but because they do not wish their names to appear in connection with criminal acts, are humiliated at being obliged to incur the popular odium of an arrest and trial, or because they do not wish to be put to the annoyance or expense of defending themselves.” Alberty v. United States, 162 U. S. 499, 511 (1896).

The probative force of the inferences

to be drawn from flight

Running while black as probable cause?

Running While Black

Hickory v. United States , 160 U. S. 408, 419-420 896) 

is a function of the varied circumstances in which it occurs. Sometimes those inferences are entirely consistent with the presumption of innocence, sometimes they justify further investigation, and sometimes they justify an immediate stop and search for weapons.

charging documents freddie gray redacted_PofP8

Freddie Gray Police Report and why cops lie: Lack of Probable Cause as described by Law

These considerations have led us to avoid categorical rules concerning a person’s flight and the presumptions to be drawn therefrom:

“Few things distinguish an enlightened system of judicature from a rude and barbarous one more than the manner in which they deal with evidence. The former weighs testimony, whilst the latter, conscious perhaps of its inability to do so or careless of the consequences of error, at times rejects whole portions en masse , and at others converts pieces of evidence into rules of law by investing with conclusive effect some whose probative force has been found to be in general considerable. . . .

Our ancestors, observing that guilty persons usually fled from justice, adopted the hasty conclusion that it was only the guilty who did so . . . so that under the old law, a man who fled to avoid being tried for felony forfeited all his goods even though he were acquitted … .

In modern times more correct views have prevailed, and the evasion of or flight from justice seems now nearly reduced to its true place in the administration of the criminal law, namely, that of a circumstance

a fact which it is always of importance to take into consideration, and combined with others may afford strong evidence of guilt, but which, like any other piece of presumptive evidence,

it is equally absurd and dangerous to invest with infallibility.” Hickory v. United States , 160 U. S. 408, 419-420 (1896) (internal quotation marks omitted).

Unprovoked flight,

in short, describes a category of activity too broad and varied to permit a per se reasonable inference regarding the motivation for the activity. While the innocent explanations surely do not establish that the Fourth Amendment is always violated whenever someone is stopped solely on the basis of an unprovoked flight,

neither do the suspicious motivations establish that the Fourth Amendment is never violated when a Terry stop is predicated on that fact alone. For these reasons, the Court is surely correct in refusing to embrace either per se rule advocated by the parties. The totality of the circumstances, as always, must dictate the result. 13  

II

     Guided by that totality-of-the-circumstances test, the Court concludes that Officer Nolan had reasonable suspicion to stop respondent. Ante , at 5. In this respect, my view differs from the Court’s. The entire justification for the stop is articulated in the brief testimony of Officer Nolan. Some facts are perfectly clear; others are not. This factual insufficiency leads me to conclude that the Court’s judgment is mistaken.

Respondent Wardlow was arrested a few minutes after noon on September 9, 1995. 183 Ill. 2d 306, 308, n. 1, 701 N. E. 2d 484, 485, n. 1 (1998). 14   Nolan was part of an eight-officer, four-car caravan patrol team. The officers were headed for “one of the areas in the 11th District [of Chicago] that’s high [in] narcotics traffic.” App. 8. 15   The reason why four cars were in the caravan was that “[n]ormally in these different areas there’s an enormous amount of people, sometimes lookouts, customers.” Ibid. Officer Nolan testified that he was in uniform on that day, but he did not recall whether he was driving a marked or an unmarked car. Id., at 4.

Officer Nolan and his partner were in the last of the four patrol cars that “were all caravaning eastbound down Van Buren.” Id., at 8. Nolan first observed respondent “in front of 4035 West Van Buren.” Id., at 7. Wardlow “looked in our direction and began fleeing.” Id., at 9. Nolan then “began driving southbound down the street observing [respondent] running through the gangway and the alley southbound,” and observed that Wardlow was carrying a white, opaque bag under his arm. Id., at 6, 9. After the car turned south and intercepted respondent as he “ran right towards us,” Officer Nolan stopped him and conducted a “protective search,” which revealed that the bag under respondent’s arm contained a loaded handgun. Id., at 9-11.

This terse testimony is most noticeable for what it fails to reveal. Though asked whether he was in a marked or unmarked car, Officer Nolan could not recall the answer. Id., at 4. He was not asked whether any of the other three cars in the caravan were marked, or whether any of the other seven officers were in uniform. Though he explained that the size of the caravan was because “[n]ormally in these different areas there’s an enormous amount of people, sometimes lookouts, customers,” Officer Nolan did not testify as to whether anyone besides Wardlow was nearby 4035 West Van Buren. Nor is it clear that that address was the intended destination of the caravan. As the Appellate Court of Illinois interpreted the record, “it appears that the officers were simply driving by, on their way to some unidentified location, when they noticed defendant standing at 4035 West Van Buren.” 287 Ill. App. 3d 367, 370-371, 678 N. E. 2d 65, 67 (1997). 16   Officer Nolan’s testimony also does not reveal how fast the officers were driving. It does not indicate whether he saw respondent notice the other patrol cars. And it does not say whether the caravan, or any part of it, had already passed Wardlow by before he began to run.

Indeed, the Appellate Court thought the record was even “too vague to support the inference that … defendant’s flight was related to his expectation of police focus on him.” Id., at 371, 678 N. E. 2d, at 67. Presumably, respondent did not react to the first three cars, and we cannot even be sure that he recognized the occupants of the fourth as police officers. The adverse inference is based entirely on the officer’s statement: “He looked in our direction and began fleeing.” App. 9. 17  

No other factors sufficiently support a finding of reasonable suspicion. Though respondent was carrying a white, opaque bag under his arm, there is nothing at all suspicious about that. Certainly the time of day–shortly after noon–does not support Illinois’ argument. Nor were the officers “responding to any call or report of suspicious activity in the area.” 183 Ill. 2d, at 315, 701 N. E. 2d, at 488. Officer Nolan did testify that he expected to find “an enormous amount of people,” including drug customers or lookouts, App. 8, and the Court points out that “[i]t was in this context that Officer Nolan decided to investigate Wardlow after observing him flee.” Ante, at 4. This observation, in my view, lends insufficient weight to the reasonable suspicion analysis; indeed, in light of the absence of testimony that anyone else was nearby when respondent began to run, this observation points in the opposite direction.

The State, along with the majority of the Court, relies as well on the assumption that this flight occurred in a high crime area. Even if that assumption is accurate, it is insufficient because even in a high crime neighborhood unprovoked flight does not invariably lead to reasonable suspicion. On the contrary, because many factors providing innocent motivations for unprovoked flight are concentrated in high crime areas, the character of the neighborhood arguably makes an inference of guilt less appropriate, rather than more so. Like unprovoked flight itself, presence in a high crime neighborhood is a fact too generic and susceptible to innocent explanation to satisfy the reasonable suspicion inquiry. See Brown v. Texas, 443 U. S. 47, 52 (1979); see also n. 15, supra .

It is the State’s burden to articulate facts sufficient to support reasonable suspicion. Brown v. Texas, 443 U. S. 47, 52 (1979); see also Florida v. Royer, 460 U. S. 491, 500 (1983) (plurality opinion). In my judgment, Illinois has failed to discharge that burden. I am not persuaded that the mere fact that someone standing on a sidewalk looked in the direction of a passing car before starting to run is sufficient to justify a forcible stop and frisk.

I therefore respectfully dissent from the Court’s judgment to reverse the court below.

 

Black Codes

Throughout the Democratic-dominated South, state governments enacted laws designed specifically to put African-Americans back to work.

Though the South had lost the war, President Andrew Johnson, who took office after the assassination of Lincoln in April 1865, allowed former Confederate leaders back into the government with relative ease.

These “Black Codes” applied to African-Americans living in southern states.
African-Americans wandering without proof of employment faced charges of vagrancy, for example.
African Americans arrested and convicted under the Black Codes could be, and usually were, forced to work on plantations. Since most African-Americans had until recently been unpaid slaves, few possessed money to pay the fines assessed for their “crimes.”

Fourteenth Amendment

In direct response to the Black Codes, the Republican-controlled Congress passed the 14th Amendment on July 28, 1868, to guarantee citizenship and civil rights to African-Americans.

For the first time in the nation’s history, the government felt a need to define citizenship. All persons born or naturalized within the borders of the United States were automatically citizens both of the nation and the state in which they resided. African-Americans, who’d had a presence in America since 1619, generally fell into this category.

Furthermore, the amendment prevented state governments from creating laws that apply only to specific groups. This provision theoretically made the Black Codes unconstitutional.

Describing the tool that supposedly justified Gray’s arrest as “a short-bladed folding knife similar to ones worn everyday by millions of law-abiding Americans,” Jonsson notes that knife control (like gun control)

has racist roots and remains a pretext for hassling young black men. “Too often we see an officer who may or may not understand the law arrest somebody for having an illegal knife that isn’t illegal,” Ritter tells him. “We too often see that kind of either blatant ignorance of the law or willful ignorance of the law, in an effort to abuse citizens’ rights to carry this tool.”

Baltimore City State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby announces charges are filed against the six city police officers suspended in the Freddie Gray case.

Donta Allen shared Freddie Gray's last ride inside a paddy-wagon arrested for weed which is not an arrestable offense in Baltimore

Donta Allen shared Freddie Gray’s last ride inside a paddy-wagon arrested for weed which is not an arrestable offense in Baltimore

 
  • US Supreme Court upheld circuit court holdings:
    • A person can not be required to furnish identification if not reasonably suspected of any criminal conduct.
    • A reasonable suspicion of criminal activity alone is insufficient to justify a patdown search
    • The person stopped is not obliged to answer, answers may not be compelled, and refusal to answer furnishes no basis for an arrest.
    • Vagrancy ordinances cannot turn otherwise innocent conduct into a crime.
    • Personal liberty, which is guaranteed to every citizen under U.S. Constitution and laws, consists of the right of locomotion, to go where one pleases, and when, and to do that which may lead to one’s business or pleasure, only so far restrained as the rights of others may make it necessary for the welfare of all other citizens. One may travel along the public highways or in public places; and while conducting themselves in a decent and orderly manner, disturbing no other, and interfering with the rights of no other citizens, there, they will be protected under the law, not only their persons, but in their safe conduct. Any law that would place the keeping and safe conduct of another in the hands of even a conservator of the peace, unless for some breach of the peace committed in his presence, or upon suspicion of felony, would be most oppressive and unjust, and destroy all the rights, which the Constitution guarantees.
    • An innocent person cannot generally know when a police officer has reasonable cause to believe that his behavior warrants further investigation for criminal activity, and therefore cannot know when refusal to identify himself will be a crime.
    • No one may be required under peril of life, liberty or property to speculate as to the meaning of penal statutes.
    • Police knowledge of the identity of an individual they have deemed “suspicious” grants the police unfettered discretion to initiate or continue investigation of the person long after the detention has ended. Information concerning the stop, the arrest and the individual’s identity may become part of a large scale data bank. The serious intrusion on personal security outweighs the mere possibility that identification may provide a link leading to arrest.[4]

US Supreme Court’s own holdings:

  • While police have the right to request citizens to answer voluntarily questions concerning unsolved crimes they have no right to compel them to answer.
  • Fourth Amendment concerns are implicated where a state statute permits investigative detentions in situations where the police officers lack a reasonable suspicion of criminal activity based on objective facts.
  • The concern with curbing criminal activity cannot justify legislation that would otherwise fail to meet constitutional standards for definiteness and clarity.
  • A state criminal statute that requires persons who loiter or wander on the streets to provide a credible and reliable identification and to account for their presence when requested by a peace officer under circumstances that would justify a valid stop is unconstitutionally vague on its face within the meaning of the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment because it encourages arbitrary enforcement by failing to clarify what is contemplated by the requirement that a suspect provide a credible and reliable identification.
  • Statutory limitations on individual freedoms guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution are examined for substantive authority and content as well as for definiteness or certainty of expression. The void-for-vagueness doctrine requires that a penal statute define the criminal offense with sufficient definiteness that ordinary people can understand what conduct is prohibited and in a manner that does not encourage arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement.
  • In providing that a detention under a state statute may occur only where there is the level of suspicion sufficient to justify a constitutional stop, a state insures the existence of neutral limitations on the conduct of individual officers.[5]

What is CIVILITER MORTUUS? Civilly dead ; dead in the view of the law. Blue And Red ACA Compared

BLUE

What is The Affordable Care Act? in Blue ACA

Obama Care Dental (ACA)
Obama Care Dental (ACA)

and RED

What is The ACA In red -Regulatory Environment: CCA is currently accredited by the American Corrections Association (ACA).

Chris Christie’s Texas horror: Meet the scandalous prison company he’s long promoted

A corporation Christie’s lobbied for and long pushed runs notorious detention center

“Inadequate medical care, poor nutrition, lack of access to legal services, absence of meaningful programming, and a willful neglect of those who are imprisoned there plague the Polk detention center.”

The facility is used by the federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency to house immigrant detainees who are seeking asylum in the United States.

 Noting Christie’s “long and very close relationship with Community Education Centers,” the private company running the facility for ICE, one critic told Salon, “I think it’s time people start asking questions, because this company’s practices are not confined to New Jersey.”

The hunger strike at the detention center in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, now enters its sixth month. Meanwhile, California Governor Jerry Brown is fighting federal court orders to reduce the state’s prison population. And this week, inmates in California state prisons resumed hunger strikes initiated in 2011 by detainees in indefinite solitary confinement — some for over three decades.

accred

Ronald Brockmeyer, the municipal judge in Ferguson, has resigned less than a week after a scathing federal report called his court little more than an ATM for the city. And the Missouri Supreme Court has ordered all Ferguson municipal court cases transferred to Judge Roy L. Richter of the Court of Appeals for the Eastern District of Missouri.

BLUE ACA Obamacare Helps Ex-Convicts. That’s A Good Thing!

The Affordable Care Act (ACA), officially called The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and sometimes called ObamaCare, is a US law that reforms both the healthcare and health insurance industries in America.

VS.

Red ACA Regulatory Environment: CCA is currently accredited by the American Corrections Association (ACA), a private non-governmental organization providing self-created standards. There is currently is no oversight or regulation of the organization beyond its own staff. Eighty-five percent of CCA facilities are accredited by ACA.

Your members of Congress have the power to end this “bed quota” by denying federal funding for the initiative in the FY15 Federal Budget.

You can take a stand in solidarity with detained immigrants at http://afsc.org/action/take-action-end-immigrant-detention-quotas. Please call your members of Congress TODAY and ask them to tell their counterparts on Appropriations Committees to eliminate the bed quota.

Revenue: $1.77 billion, 100% of which comes from taxpayers via government contracts (2012)

Operations

Parent Company: Corrections Corporation of America (CCA)

Subsidiaries:

First Tier Subsidiaries:
CCA of Tennessee, LLC, a Tennessee limited liability company

CCA TRS, LLC, a Maryland limited liability company
CCA (UK) Ltd., a United Kingdom corporation

Second Tier Subsidiaries:
CCA International, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company

Technical and Business Institute of America, LLC, a Tennessee limited liability company
TransCor America, LLC, a Tennessee limited liability company
TransCor Puerto Rico, Inc., a Puerto Rico corporation
CCA Health Services, LLC, a Tennessee limited liability company
Prison Realty Management, LLC, a Tennessee limited liability company
(Source: CCA 10-K, 2/27/2013)

Location(s): Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas

Abstract

In the American political context African Americans have the greatest legacy because of their crusade for freedom and civil rights. Unlike Anglo-Americans, African Americans were barred from society for no other reason than their skin color, but their fight for freedom forced Americans to define themselves and how to protect their rights in a free society. The American system has been touted by historians such as Gordon Wood as being a radical departure from the British model of government. Barbara Clark Smith argued that the American Revolution was not a radical event because it failed to meet the egalitarian principles set forth by the revolutionary intellectuals. Wood’s response was that the radical nature of the Revolution was not seen until well after the war and subsequent nation building, because those principles led to emancipation and universal suffrage. Smith’s point is important to note because the immediacy created by the concept of “radical” was not met during the Revolutionary period. For the enslaved their lot in life had not changed with Treaty of Paris or the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution, previous to the passage of the 14th Amendment, did not provide a definition of citizenship. It was just assumed that an American citizen was a white male landowner. The reality of this situation was that racial discrimination caused many to turn their backs on egalitarianism for a racially bifurcated society. At this point, African Americans, free and enslaved, had to collectively speak out against this discrimination and remind Anglo-Americans of their egalitarian principles. The greatest legacy of Civil Rights Movement was that it forced America to abide by its altruistic principles. African Americans forced the definition of citizenship and created greater protections for American civil rights.

CCA Announces New $205 Million Investment In Correctional Center In Ariz.
Revenue: $1.77 billion, 100% of which comes from taxpayers via government contracts (2012)

Semitism Anti-Hamitism Manifestations of Hatred by Agression, unsolicited Against Hamites by the Japhetic Anglo Base, in conjunction

Anti Japhetic Semitic Hamitic Black-Red yellow whiteMizzou #POTUS one cant label other people. Only one’s self.Other wise mere McCarthy-ism and does not matter #BlackLivesMatter.

Hamitic Etymology

According to the Hebrew Bible, Ham was one of the sons of Noah and the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan, who are interpreted as having populated Africa and adjoining parts of Asia. The Bible refers to Egypt as “the land of Ham” in Psalms 78:51; 105:23,27; 106:22; 1Ch 4:40.

Hamites were said to have spoken “Hamitic languages”, which consisted of Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages of the Berber, Cushitic and Egyptian branches.
Hamitic is a historical term for the peoples purportedly descended from Ham, the son of the Biblical figure Noah. It parallels Semitic and Japhetic, terms associated with Shem and Japheth, respectively, the two other Sons of Noah.

World Activities  and Countering Anti-Hamitism

Negus |ˈniːgəs|
noun historical
a ruler, or the supreme ruler, of Ethiopia.
ORIGIN from Amharic n’gus ‘king’.

Black History Facts are relevant to survival of Black Children in the Classroom. The African diaspora was the movement of Africans and their descendants to places throughout the world by force. There they met those Africans who first set foot in the continent of America during or round about the age of the Egyptian Dynasties (btw 3100-2100 BC). “Strange Fruit” weaves together the lives of American Africans and immigrant Jews.

Setting Goals:

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The Department was established to strengthen Hamitic identity. It has also been charged with positioning the Organization as the international umbrella organization in the struggle against Anti-Hamitism  and manifestations of hatred against Hamitics liars-think-they-truth

The Department oversees a number of bodies that operate a multiplicity of programs aimed at reinforcing  values within diverse populations throughout Diaspora.

Connecting

The project will include establishing Centers with a orientation that will offer extensive resources for education, culture, Conflict resolution and community. The Centers will focus primarily on meeting needs of children, teenagers and students, and offer specialized programs that recognize the importance of these periods in the formation of personal identity.
The purpose is to enable the teens to become acquainted with one another in particular. It also provides an opportunity for teens from the to learn about Black Hamitic communities in the Diaspora and develop relationships with Hamites from around the world.
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Anti-Hamitic Report on New Black Panther Party for Self Defense (NBPP)

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Body Search

Thirteenth Amendment

 

 

 

The 13th Amendment, ratified on Dec. 6, 1865, made slavery and involuntary servitude unconstitutional anywhere inside the United States. There was, however, one exception. Forced labor remains constitutional in the United States as punishment for a crime.

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The Thirteenth Amendment
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.

Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

NOW COMPARE TO SOUTH AFRICA’S 13th AMENDMENT WHICH SIMPLY READS: 

Section13  Slavery, servitude and forced labour:

No one may be subjected to slavery, servitude or forced labour

 The — freedom is a gift from god. It must be secured by his people here on earth. Barack Obama.

labor camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor. Labor camps have many common aspects with slavery and with prisons. Conditions at labor camps vary widely depending on the operators.

Black Codes

Throughout the Democratic-dominated South, state governments enacted laws designed specifically to put African-Americans back to work. Though the South had lost the war, President Andrew Johnson, who took office after the assassination of Lincoln in April 1865, allowed former Confederate leaders back into the government with relative ease. These “Black Codes” applied to African-Americans living in southern states. African-Americans wandering without proof of employment faced charges of vagrancy, for example. African Americans arrested and convicted under the Black Codes could be, and usually were, forced to work on plantations. Since most African-Americans had until recently been unpaid slaves, few possessed money to pay the fines assessed for their “crimes.”

Fourteenth Amendment

In direct response to the Black Codes, the Republican-controlled Congress passed the 14th Amendment on July 28, 1868, to guarantee citizenship and civil rights to African-Americans. For the first time in the nation’s history, the government felt a need to define citizenship. All persons born or naturalized within the borders of the United States were automatically citizens both of the nation and the state in which they resided. African-Americans, who’d had a presence in America since 1619, generally fell into this category. Furthermore, the amendment prevented state governments from creating laws that apply only to specific groups. This provision theoretically made the Black Codes unconstitutional.

Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa

No one may be subjected to slavery, servitude or forced labour

Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka, which created Provincial Councils in Sri Lanka


The Balfour Declaration may be the most extraordinary document produced by any Government in world history. It took the form of a letter from the Government of His Britannic Majesty King George the Fifth, the Government of the largest empire the world has even known, on which — once upon a time — the sun never set; a letter to an international financier of the banking house of Rothschild who had been made a peer of the realm.

Arthur Koestler wrote that in the letter “one nation solemnly promised to a second nation the country of a third.” More than that, the country was still part of the Empire of a fourth, namely Turkey.

It read:

Foreign Office, November 2nd,1917

Dear Lord Rothschild,

I have much pleasure in conveying to you on behalf of His Majesty’s Government the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations, which has been submitted to and approved by the Cabinet:

“His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”

I should be grateful if you would bring this Declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.

Yours sincerely,

Arthur James Balfour.[1]

Balfour Declaration – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hamites were said to have spoken “Hamitic languages”, which consisted of Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages of the Berber, Cushitic and Egyptian branches.
Hamitic is a historical term for the peoples purportedly descended from Ham, the son of the Biblical figure Noah. It parallels Semitic and Japhetic, terms associated with Shem and Japheth, respectively, the two other Sons of Noah. “Hamitic” was applied to non-Semitic languages in the Afroasiatic family, which was thus formerly labelled “Hamito-Semitic”. The Hamitic languages were classified as including the Berber, Cushitic and Egyptian branches. However, since these branches have not been shown to form an exclusive (monophyletic) phylogenetic unit of their own, separate from other Afroasiatic languages, linguists no longer use the term in this sense. Each of these branches is instead now regarded as an independent sub-group of the larger Afroasiatic family.

German 1932 ethnographic map portraying Hamitic as a subdivision of the Caucasian race (Meyers Blitz-Lexikon).

German 1932 ethnographic map portraying Hamitic as a subdivision of the Caucasian race (Meyers Blitz-Lexikon).

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European authors Falsely erroneously classified the Hamitic race as a sub-group of the Caucasian race, along with the Semitic race – thus grouping the non-Semitic populations native to North Africa, the Horn of Africa and South Arabia, including the Ancient Egyptians.

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